Blennerhassett Family Tree
Genealogy one-name study - by Bill Jehan

Memorials of
Irish War of Independance (1919-21) and Irish Civil War (1922-23)
located on the former Blennerhassett estate at Ballyseedy & Ballycarty

Ballyseedy is pronounced "Ballysheedy" (Bail ó Sioda = O'Sheedy's Town). Ballycarty is often pronounced "Ballycarthy".
Ballyseedy and Ballycarty townlands are parts ofthe larger Ballyseedy civil parish (= Ballyseedy Church of Ireland parish).



photo: courtesy of Noel Griffin (click to enlarge)

photo: courtesy of Noel Griffin

photo: BJ


IRA
1916
Erected by
his comrades to pepetuate
the memory of
Volunteer Frank Hoffman
I.R.A.
who was shot here by
British crown forces
10th November 1920
 
Fuair se bas ar son na h-eireann
(He died for the cause of Ireland)

 
VOL[unteer]
DENIS BRODERICK
24TH 5TH 1921
DIED IN DEFENCE
OF THE REPUBLIC

 
VOL[unteer]
MICHAEL RYLE
5TH 8TH 1922
DIED IN DEFENCE
OF THE REPUBLIC


celtic design memorial cross in stone
at Farmer's Bridge, Ballyseedy.

white wooden memorial cross at Ballycarty, on the perimeter of the traffic roundabout at the junction of the Tralee, Killarney and Castleisland roads.

white wooden memorial cross at Ballycarty,
bythe Tralee-Killarney Road, south side,
at the boundary wall of the
"Earl of Desmond" Hotel.


Background:
Frank Hoffman of Farmer's Bridge, said by his
family to have been shot by Black and Tans

Background:

Background:
Michael Ryle was a young Fianna Éireann
(republican scout) from Tralee


 


 


 



photo: BJ

photo: Martin Moore (acknowledgement below)

photo: BJ


 
VOL[unteer]
JACK GALVIN
30TH 9TH 1922
DIED IN DEFENCE
OF THE REPUBLIC

IN
MEMORY
OF
PATRICK BUCKLEY
JOHN O'CONNOR
JOHN DALEY
JAMES WALSH
PATRICK HARNETT
TIMOTHY TWOMEY
GEORGE O'SHEA
MICHAEL O'CONNELL
remainder of the inscription is unclear
7TH 3RD 1923

 
VOL[unteer]
SEAMUS TAYLOR
14TH 3RD 1923
DIED IN DEFENCE
OF THE REPUBLIC


white wooden memorial cross on Ballyseedy Road, east side, opposite the lodge and entrance gate to Ballyseedy Castle (now Ballyseede Castle Hotel).
The cross is located within a walled turning circle, built c1880 for use of horse-drawn-coaches entering or leaving Ballyseedy Castle gateway.

this white wooden memorial cross at Ballyseedy was larger and more substantial than others shown on this page. It stood on the north side of the Tralee-Killarney Road, a few metres east of the Ballyseedy crossroads road junction, until 1959 when it was replaced by the present Ballyseedy monument.
Warning do you know of a better quality photograph, revealing the full inscription?

white wooden memorial cross at the east end of Ballyseedy Wood, alongside the Tralee-Killarney Road, south side, a few metres west of Ballyseedy Crossroads.


Background:
John "Jack" Galvin of Killorglin had killed a pro-treaty officer during an attack on a bridge at Castlemaine. Following his arrest, on 30-Sep-1922 he was among a group of IRA prisoners being transferred from Killorglin Barracks to Tralee by Irish Free State soldiers.
 
Travelling in convoy on the Killorglin-Ballyseedy Road via Farmer's Bridge, the lorries initially halted by Ballyseedy Wood near the entrance gate to Ballyseedy Castle, the road there having been blocked by felled trees.
 
The prisoners, having first been set to work clearing the road, were afterwards walked on about 50 yards to Ballyseedy crossroads to wait for their vehicles. When the lorries arrived Galvin was noticed to be missing. The following day his body was found "behind a tree" or "behind the ditch" close to the place where the lorry had at first halted by Ballyseedy Wood.
 
Source:
"The Tragedies of Kerry" by Dorothy Macardle, 1924
"Tans, Terror and Troubles: Kerry's Real Fighting Story 1913-23" by T. Ryle Dwyer, 2001, ch.20, pp.363-364

Background:
This cross was erected to commemorate eight IRA prisoners executed at this place by Irish Free State National Army troops during the Irish Civil War, in the early morning of 7-Mar-1923.

In 1959 the wooden cross was replaced by the present Ballyseedy Monument (see below for more detail).
 
Photo:
pre-1959 photo "First Memorial Cross at Ballyseedy",
is from "The Civil War in Ballymacelligott" by Martin Moore, published in "The History of Ballymacelligott and it's People" by Ballymacelligott Active Retirement Association, 1997, p.83

Background:
James "Seamus" Taylor of Glencar, an IRA prisoner who had been captured at his mother's house, is said to have been taken on 14-Mar-1923 by Irish Free State (National Army) troops from Killorglin Barracks to Ballyseedy Wood and there shot.


 



 Bronze sculpture on the Ballyseedy memorial
as later depicted on a Sinn Féin Chiarrai
commemorative postcard and enamel badge.
The badge has year in error, 1926 for 1923.

BALLYSEEDY MARTYRS CO.KERRY MARCH 1926

BALLYSEEDY MONUMENT
 
A wooden memorial cross (above, centre) formerly stood on the north side of the Tralee-Killarney road, a few metres to the east of Ballyseedy Crossroads road junction (historically crossroads but now a "T" junction), commemorated eight IRA prisoners executed at this place by Irish Free State National Army troops in the early morning of 7-Mar-1923, during the Irish Civil War.
 
In 1959 the wooden cross was replaced by the present "Ballyseedy Monument", created by architect Uinseann Mac Eoin. The centrepiece of the monument is a bronze sculpture designed and cast by Breton nationalist and sculptor Yann-Renard Goulet, who in 1952 took Irish citizenship. Goulet did not intend this bronze for the Ballyseedy, having created it a few years earlier for some unspecified purpose that was not proceeded with. Therefore, the figures depicted in bronze do not relate to the subject of the Ballyseedy Monument but are a more general memorial to Irish Republicanism.
 
There are varying interpretations of Goulet's intended meaning - he is thought by some to have been representing the suffering of rural people of the west of Ireland during the potato famine of the late 1840s and the influence that event had on the movement for Irish national independance.
In this interpretation, the man on the left with exposed ribs is dying of hunger, his wife or daughter encouraging her young son to look and remember. To the right, the child as a grown man does remember, striding purposefully away, fist clenched, to fight for Irish independance. Goulet's model for the standing figure was the late Willie John Clarke of Quay Street, Dundalk.
 
 
Background:
Humphrey "Free" Murphy, quartermaster of IRA Kerry No.2 Brigade, had ordered the IRA to kill National Army Lieut. Paddy "Pats" O'Connor. Early on the morning of 6-Mar-1923 O'Connor was lured with others to the vacinity of a mine trap planted at Ballinorig Wood, near Knocknagoshal. The mine detonated, killing Paddy O'Connor, Capt. Michael Dunne of the Dublin Brigade, Capt. Joseph Stapleton of the Dublin Brigade, Private Michael Galvin of Killarney and Private Laurence O'Connor of Causeway. Private Joseph O'Brien of the 19th Infantry Battalion, Curragh Reserves, lost both legs and suffered severe injuries to both eyes.
Victor Edmonds informs me that O'Brien died in 1962 aged 70 years, having endured a dreadful quality of life to the end. His military pension file (Military Archives ref: W4 P66 Joseph O'Brien) makes sad reading, documenting as it does the abysmal and small minded treatment he and his wife received as they struggled to obtain proper medical treatment, necessary mobility aids and his special eyeglasses that needed to be renewed every two years. 
 
In direct retaliation for this atrocity, National Army forces during the early hours of the following morning took nine IRA prisoners in an army lorry from Ballymullen Barracks, Tralee to Ballyseedy Crossroads, where the road had been blocked by an IRA mined barricade made from rocks and a log. Instead of being told to clear the road, as was usual, the prisoners were stood by the barricade, their ankles and knees tied, the mine then detonated. The eight bodies were machine gunned to ensure all were dead. Those who died were John Daley, Michael O'Connell and Patrick "Paddy" Buckley (an R.I.C. constable) of Castleisland; George O'Shea and Timothy "Tim" Twomey of Kilflynn; Patrick Harnett of Finuge; James Walsh of Churchill; and John O'Connor of Waterford.

Stephen Fuller of Fahavane, Kilflynn was blown clear by the force of the blast and despite being severely burnt was able to escape in the dark, crossing the ditch (i.e. roadside hedge) and River Lee to reach Currans House at Hanlon's Cross, where he was taken in by the family and cared for until a safe hiding place was found. 
 
 

 
Sources:
1. "Tans, Terror and Troubles: Kerry's Real Fighting Story 1913-23" by T. Ryle Dwyer 2001, chapter 21, pp.366-371
2. "Civil War in Ballymacelligott" by Martin Moore, published in "The History of Ballymacelligott and it's People"
    by Ballymacelligott Active Retirement Association 1997, pp.82-84
 
An RTÉ (Raidió Teilifís Éireann) television documentary titled “Ballyseedy” was broadcast in 1997.
 
Denis Broderick, John "Jack" Galvin, Michael Ryle and Seamus Taylor, who died in different and separate incidents in the same locality, are commemorated by their individual white wooden memorial crosses but are also named on this monument.
 
 
 
 


photo: BJ



click on individual tablet to enlarge (photos: BJ)
 
TRALEE
1ST AND 9TH BATTS
 
AEDFERT
(2ND BATT.)
AND LIXNAW
(3RD BATT.) 
CASTLEGREGORY
(4TH BATT.)
AND DINGLE
(5TH BATT.) 
LISTOWEL
(6TH BATT.) AND
BALLYLONGFORD
(8TH BATT.) 
CASTLEISLAND
(7TH BATT.)
 
BALLYMACELLIGOTT
(7TH BATT.)
 
DIED ELSEWHERE
 
THIS MEMORIAL ALSO
COMMEMORATES THE OTHER MEN OF THE KERRY No.1 BRIGADE OF THE IRISH REPUBLICAN ARMY WHO DIED IN KERRY AND ELSEWHERE AND WHOSE NAMES ARE INSCRIBED ON THOSE PLINTHS
JOHN CLIFFORD
JOHN CONWAY
DANIEL DALY
THOMAS DRUMMOND
EUGENE FITZGERALD
JOHN FLEMMING
MICHAEL FLYNN
THOMAS FLYNN
DANIEL FOLEY
PATRICK HANNAFIN
WILLIAM HARRINGTON
THOMAS HAWLEY
CORNELIUS HEALY
FRANK HOFFMAN
SEAN MORIARTY
WILLIAM MYLES
GEORGE NAGLE
JAMES O'CONNOR
JOHNO'SULLIVAN
JEREMIAH O'SULLIVAN
PAT REIDY
MICHAEL RYLE
MICHAEL SINNOTT
JAMESWALSH
THOMAS ARCHER
JAMES BARRY
JOHN CANTILLON
EDWARD GREANEY
JAMES HANLON
REGINALD HATHAWAY
JOHN HOULIHAN
JOHN LAWLOR
TIMOTHY LYONS
MICHAEL MAGUIRE
WILLIAM McCARTHY
JAMES McENERY
THOMAS McGRATH
MICHAEL NOLAN
DANIEL O'DRISCOLL
GEORGE O'SHEA
PATRICK O'SHEA
TIMOTHY TWOMEY
THOMAS M. ASHE
JOHN CASEY
JAS. J. CRONIN
MAURICE FITZGERALD
THOMAS CREANEY
PATRICK KENNEDY
DANIEL(BOB) McCARTHY
MICHAEL McKENNA
THOMAS MORIARTY
THOMAS O'SULLIVAN
TIMOTHY SPILLANE
EDWARD CARMODY
PATRICK DALTON
MICHAEL CALVIN
PATRICK HARTNETT
JOHN LAWLOR
JOHN LINNANE
JEREMIAH LYONS
MICHAEL (BOB) McELLIGOTT
DANIEL SCANLON
JOHN SHEEHAN
PATRICK WALSH
MICHAEL BROSNAN
PATRICK BUCKLEY
JOHN DALEY
THOMAS FLEMING
PATRICK E. KENNY
BERTIE MURPHY
DANIEL MURPHY
MICHAEL O'CONNELL
DENIS O'CONNOR
JEREMIAH O'LEARY
JOHN PRENDIVILLE
JOHN SAVAGE
RICHARD SHAHAHAN
JAMES WALSH
JAMES BAILY
DENIS BRODERICK
MICHAEL BROSNAN
JOHN BROWNE
ROBERT BROWNE
JOHN FLYNN
PATRICK HERLIHY
RICHARD LAIDE
JOHN LEEN
JOHN McMAHON
JOHN REIDY
MAURICE REIDY
THOMAS ASHE
LISPOLE
CHARLIE DALY
KNOCKANE
DANIEL ENRIGHT
LISTOWEL
TIMOTHY O'SULLIVAN
LISTOWEL
PATRICK FORAN
LISELTON
CHARLIE HANLON
LISTOWEL
JAMES HICKEY
KNOCKNAGOSHEL
CHARLIE KERINS
TRALEE
MICHAEL MULVIHILL
BALLYDUFF
THE O'RAHILLY
TARBERT
THOMAS RUSSELL
DINGLE
PATRICK SHORTIS
BALLYBUNION
AUSTIN STACK
TRALEE
W. CONWAY O'CONNOR
place not stated

photo: BJ



+

Pádraig ó buacalla  (Patrick Buckley)
Seán ó concubair    (John O'Connor)
Seán ó dálaig              (John Daley)
Séamus breatuac      (James Walsh)

Pádraig ó hamthéada (Patrick Harnett)
Tadg ó tuama         (Timothy Twomey)
Seomse ó séagda      (George O'Shea)
Micheál ó conaill    (Michael O'Connell)
 
Ar deis dé go raibh a h-anamne aca
(May their souls be at the right hand side of God)


 
FROM THIS DAY FORTH ALL
WHO PASS THIS WAY WILL
KNOW THAT THE MEN OF KERRY
WHO FOUGHT AND DIED FOR
IRELAND ARE NOT FORGOTTEN
AND THEIR MEMORY WILL
ENDURE AS LONG AS THIS
BRONZE MEMORIAL STANDS
AT BALLYSEEDY

 
UNSELFISH UPHOLDERS AND
FEARLESS DEFENDERS OF THE
IRISH REPUBLIC, THESE EIGHT
MEN OF KERRY WHOSE NAMES
WE TRACE WITH PRIDE AND
REMEMBER WITH HOMAGE
SUFFERED MARTYRDOM ON
THIS SPOT ON THE NIGHT OF
MARCH 6TH - 7TH 1923

THIS MEMORIAL ALSO
COMMEMORATES THEIR
COMRADES
 
DENIS BRODERICK
JOHN GALVIN
MICHAEL RYLE
SEAMUS TAYLOR
 
WHO DIED FOR IRELAND
IN THIS LOCALITY

 
Bail ó Sioda                 BALLYSEEDY
 


MAP
The locations of those three of the white wooden Memorial Crosses that lie on the Tralee-Killarney Road may be seen on this detail from a pre-1959 Ordnance Survey map of the Ballyseedy & Ballycarty area. The wooden Memorial Cross that was in 1959 replaced by the present Ballyseedy Monument is the middle of the three, represented on the map as a dot a few metres to the east of Ballyseedy Crossroads road junction, at the north edge of the road.
 
Further to the east (on the south edge of the road, against what is now the boundary wall of the Earl of Desmond hotel grounds) is the cross for Michael Ryle. To the west (also on the south edge of the road) is the cross for Seamus Taylor.
 
The crosses for Jack Galvin (east side of Ballyseedy Road, within in a walled coach turning circle, directly opposite the lodge and entrance gate for Ballyseedy Castle) and for Denis Broderick (on the perimeter of a modern traffic roundabout at the junction of the Tralee, Killarney and Castleisland roads, a short distance east of Ballycarty Bridge) are not marked on this map.





Detail from an old Ordnance Survey Map of Ballyseedy & Ballycarty
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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