Blennerhassett Family Tree
Genealogy one-name study - by Bill Jehan
 
 

 
Irish "Home Rule League" Election Campaigns c1871-72

paper grocery bags and tea bags used by Edward Duggan (d.1898)
- grocer, publican, pig trader, political activist -
 at his shop 43 & 44 Ballybricken, Waterford City, Co.Waterford, Ireland

Edward Duggan produced grocery & tea bags for use at his shop, the bags in a variety of colours printed with a variety of designs, many Irish nationalist in character. Some bags carry a "Home Rule" slogan with portraits of successful Home Rule Party candidates elected to parliament at Westminster in 1871 or 1872.

It appears doubtful that the bags were used during the 1871-72 period - MPs were elected for Waterford City in 1869 and 1870 were Liberals and none of the men illustrated on the bags was a candidate for Waterford City or County. The bags may have been introduced as promotional material during the election campaigns of Richard Power and Purcell O'Gorman, who in 1874 were returned as Home Rule MPs for Waterford City, but is uncertain.
 
 

 Rowland Ponsonby Blennerhassett M.P. (1850-1913)
elected Co.Kerry 6-Feb-1872, re-elected 1880-1885

Isaac Butt, M.P. Co.Youghal 1852-1865, Co.Limerick 1871-1879
founded the Irish Home Government Association 1870, this replaced in 1873 by the Home Rule League

John Martin, M.P. elected Co.Meath 17-Jan-1871 (the first "Home Rule" MP), re-elected 1874

John Francis Maguire, M.P. Dungarvan 1852-1865, Cork City 1865-1872

Patrick James "Nicaragua" Smyth, M.P. elected Co.Westmeath 17-Jun-1871, re-elected 1874;  M.P. Co.Tipperary 1880-1884
 (nicknamed "Nicaragua Smyth" by the Irish political activist John Mitchel because of Smyth's support for railway projects in that country)



EDWARD DUGGAN

Loose tea, imported and delivered to grocers such as Edward Duggan's shop in Waterford in square plywood tea-chests, was in the shop measured into small paper bags for retail sale. Other groceries were sold in larger bags.

These paper bags were for retail use in the grocery shop of Edward Duggan at 43 & 44 Ballybricken, Waterford city. Hand-made in various sizes (e.g. 12ins x 7 1/2 ins and 10ins x 6ins for groceries, sugar, etc; 6 1/2ins x 4ins for loose-leaf tea) using green, blue, yellow or white paper, they were illustrated with Irish themes, some nationalist in nature and some non-political. Ballybricken as used here is the name of a street but Ballybricken is also the name of the district, an area of old Waterford centred at Ballybricken Green.

Some of the bags are printed with the 'Home Rule" slogan and portraits of candidates (or elected MPs) representing Isaac Butt's "Home Rule" party, or its predecessor "The Irish Home Government association", at elections of 1871-1872:

Rowland Ponsonby Blennerhassett (1850-1913), elected aged 22 years "Home Rule" MP for Co.Kerry 6-Feb-1872
John Martin (1812-1875), veteran of the 1848 Young Ireland rising, elected "Home Rule" MP for Co.Meath 17-Jan-1871.
Isaac Butt QC (1813-1879), founder of the party, in 1871 re-elected Home Rule MP for Co.Youghal.
Patrick James "Nicaragua" Smyth (c1823-1885), in 1871 elected Home Rule M.P. for Co.Westmeath.
John Francis Maguire (1815-1872), M.P. for Dungarvan 1852-1865; M.P. for Cork City 1865-1872; joined the Home Rule party 1870.
Crest: American eagle on a "cloud" wreath, with crossed flags: Irish Republican / Fenian (harp inside two shamrock stems) and USA (14 stars, 17 or 19 stripes).

Examples of Edward Duggan tea bags and receipts are held at [NLI Ref. DUG/1 - DUG/8].

An obituary for Edward Duggan "publican, pig trader and political activist" appeared in the Waterford News of 12-Dec-1898:
"The late Mr Duggan was for nearly fifty years prominently identified with the pig buyers' interest in Waterford, and up to a late period of his life identified himself with all that related to political, municipal and social affairs in the city...     ...He was intimately associated with the establishment of the Association Rooms of the Ballybricken Pig-Buyers Association, and he was more than remotely connected with the designing and building of that famous citadel wherein good men and true do congregate."

HOME RULE CANDIDATES AT IRISH ELECTIONS 1870-1872

"The Home Rulers contested by-elections from May 1870, when Major Laurence Knox stood unsuccessfully for Mallow, County Cork. The first Home Rule victory was secured in January 1871 in County Meath with the return of the veteran Young Irelander John Martin. A wave of similar by-election successes followed in 1871-2: Galway, Westmeath, Limerick City (where Butt himself was returned), Kerry, Wexford and Cork City all fell to advocates of the cause. Within three years, by the general election of February 1874, fifty-nine supporters (or, in many cases, nominal supporters) had been returned under the federalist banner."
[Home Rule: An Irish History 1800-2000" by Alvin Jackson, Oxford University Press 2003, chapter: "All but a Nation: Home Rule 1870-79", p.29]
 
 
ROWLAND PONSONBY BLENNERHASSETT of Kells Lodge, Co.Kerry
 
Rowland Ponsonby Blennerhassett M.P. (b.22-Jul-1850 Kells, Co.Kerry; d.7-Apr-1913 Monte Carlo) was Politican, Barrister-at-Law and Magistrate.
One of a group of ascendancy protestants who became active supporters of Isaac Butt's "Home Rule" party, in 1871 aged 22 years he stood as Home Rule party candidate to represent the county of Kerry at Westminster. A young and popular candidate in a controversial election, about which many stories are told, he was elected 6-Feb-1872. Re-elected in 1880, he served as Home Rule M.P. until 1885 when he contested the N.E. Division of Manchester as a Liberal but was defeated.
 
Confusingly, during the parliament of 1880-1885 Rowland Ponsonby Blennerhassett served as Home Rule M.P. for Co.Kerry alongside Sir Rowland Blennerhassett, Bart. M.P. (b.1839 d.1909), who had been Liberal M.P. for Co.Galway 1865-1874 before becoming Home Rule M.P. for Co.Kerry 1880-1885. In 1885 he contested the Harbour Division of Dublin but was defeated.
 
 
 
 
grocery bag, blue
(click on image to enlarge)
grocery bag, green
(click on image to enlarge)
tea bag, white
tea bag, yellow




HOME RULE.
[Rowland Ponsonby] BLENNERHASSET.
[John] MARTIN
escutcheon (Irish harp on plain field);
Irish harp on medieval Irish tower
 
HOME RULE.
[John Francis] MAGUIRE
Irish harp with shamrock stems;
ruined church & medieval Irish tower by hill,
Irish tower by sea coast
COSTER, JOHNSTON & Co. DUBLIN.

EDWARD DUGGAN,
Family Grocer Wine & Spirit Stores
PLAIN AND FANCY BAKERY,
Tobacco, Soap and Candle Warehouse,
 
43 & 44 BALLYBRICKEN.
 

EDWARD DUGGAN,
Family Grocer Wine & Spirit Stores
PLAIN AND FANCY BAKERY,
Tobacco, Soap and Candle Warehouse,
 
43 & 44 BALLYBRICKEN.
 
 
 
grocery bag, green
tea bag, yellow
tea bag, white
HOME RULE.
[Isaac] BUTT
[Patrick James] SMYTH
escutcheon (Irish harp on plain field);
Irish harp on medieval Irish tower
 
HOME RULE.
[Patrick James] SMYTH
Irish harp with shamrock stems;
ruined church & medieval Irish tower by hill,
Irish tower by sea coast
COSTER, JOHNSTON & Co. DUBLIN.
 
EDWARD DUGGAN,
Family Grocer Wine & Spirit Stores
PLAIN AND FANCY BAKERY,
Tobacco, Soap and Candle Warehouse,
 
43 & 44 BALLYBRICKEN.
 
 
EDWARD DUGGAN,
Family Grocer Wine & Spirit Stores
PLAIN AND FANCY BAKERY,
Tobacco, Soap and Candle Warehouse,
 
43 & 44 BALLYBRICKEN.
 
 
 
 
grocery bag, blue

tea bag, white

tea bag, yellow

 
greyhound, medieval Irish tower, Irish harp
 
 
GROCERS ARMS
 Arms of the Worshipful Company of Grocers:
EDWARD DUGGAN,
Family Grocer, Wine & Spirit Stores
PLAIN AND FANCY BAKERY,
Tobacco, Soap and Candle Warehouse
 
43 & 44 BALLYBRICKEN.
 
"Argent, a chevron gules between
10 cloves proper, 3, 3, 4"
(is usually 9 cloves - 3, 3, 3)
 
 griffin passant & griffin rampant supporters
 "camel on wreath" crest
motto: GOD GRANT GRACE
 
 
 
grocery bag, blue
 (click on image to enlarge)
 
tea bag, yellow
 
tea bag, white
crest: eagle on a "cloud" wreath with crossed flags,
Irish Fenian flag (harp with shamrock stems)
and USA flag of 14 stars & 19 (instead of 13) stripes.
UNION, PEACE AND PLENTY
 
 
EDWARD DUGGAN
Family Grocer Wine & Spirit Stores
PLAIN AND FANCY BAKERY,
Tobacco, Soap and Candle Warehouse,
 
43 & 44 BALLYBRICKEN.
 
 
 
 
 
grocery bag, green
 tea bag, yellow
tea bag, white
man in Chinese dress leaning on sign
TEAS. GENUINE AS IMPORTED
palm trees, pagoda, tea containers
 
 
EDWARD DUGGAN
Family Grocer Wine & Spirit Stores
PLAIN AND FANCY BAKERY,
Tobacco, Soap and Candle Warehouse,
 
43 & 44 BALLYBRICKEN.
 
 

 
 
 

 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
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